1. At the invitation of the President of the Republic of Peru, His Excellency Ollanta Humala Tasso, the Prime Minister of Canada, the Right Honourable Stephen Harper, made an official visit to Peru on May 21 and 22, 2013. During this first official visit by a sitting Prime Minister of Canada to Peru, the Leaders reviewed the central themes of the growing bilateral relationship, and undertook to deepen the relationship based on common values and goals.
2. The leaders committed to deepen bilateral ties by focusing on increasing prosperitythrough trade, investment and economic collaboration, and through cooperation on development, security and defence, governance, environmental protection and education. Both leaders reaffirmed their countries' commitment to multilateralism, the values and principles of international law, in particular the peaceful settlement of disputes.
3. Both leaders affirmed the importance of bilateral trade and investment and their commitment to trade liberalization and open markets. The leaders noted that since 2009, when the bilateral Free Trade, Labour Cooperation and Environment Agreements came into effect, two-way merchandise trade has increased 48.8%, reaching more than $4.2 billion in 2012. On the eve of the leaders’ summit of the Pacific Alliance in Colombia, they considered Peru's position as a founding member of the Pacific Alliance and discussed issues related to the Summit. They also took note of the status of negotiations of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and preparations for the 2013 APEC summit and shared their visions for an integrated approach to trade and investment in the Asia Pacific region.
4. They agreed on the priority that both governments place on economic growth and on their commitment to the fight against poverty. Both leaders recognized the importance of the post-2015 United Nations development agenda. Prime Minister Harper acknowledged Peru’s achievements in economic growth, poverty reduction and social inclusion.
5. The leaders highlighted the importance of maintaining an open and stable investment environment in mining and energy sectors. Both leaders agreed that natural resources, when developed responsibly, can lead to sustainable and inclusive economic growth. To this end, they committed to significantly enhance cooperation in the extractive sector and related socio-economic programs.
6. In this context, Prime Minister Harper announced Canadian support to Peru’s efforts to improve the environmental impact assessment process for mining and energy projects as well as support to natural resource governance. Prime Minister Harper announced Canada’s support to small businesses in extractive regions to encourage economic diversification. Both leaders also discussed the recently launched Canadian International Institute for Extractive Industries and Development, and the role it can play in strengthening natural resource management in Peru. President Humala recognized the importance of this Institute and the potential of partnering with it in the future.
7. To further enhance bilateral ties and promote the movement of people and goods between Canada and Peru, Prime Minister Harper and President Humala marked the recent conclusion of the negotiations of a modernized and expanded Canada-Peru air transport framework. The two leaders also committed to finalize the agreement on social security for signature at the earliest opportunity.
8. In the area of defence cooperation, the leaders recalled the recent signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) which opens the door to enhanced defence relations between Peru and Canada. The leaders welcomed the positive impact this Memorandum can have by increasing opportunities for mutual cooperation, training and procurement ties between both countries in the defence sector. The leaders committed to working together in the lead-up to the Conference of Defence Ministers of the Americas in Peru in 2014. They also stressed the importance of the Memorandum of Understanding signed between the Ministry of Defence of Peru and the Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC), a Crown corporation of the Government of Canada, that will facilitate transactions for services, or military and defence requirements for the Government of Peru, through a Government-to-Government arrangement.
9. Both leaders also welcomed the start of talks between the Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the Canadian Commercial Corporation (CCC), aimed at the eventual signing of a Memorandum of Understanding that would provide for the active participation of both countries in infrastructure and energy projects.
10. Recognizing the shared importance of education for each country, the leaders noted Canada’s support for Peru’s efforts to improve the quality of basic education. Prime Minister Harper announced an initiative that would further strengthen the Peruvian Ministry of Education’s capacity in this regard. The leaders also committed to promoting cooperation between universities, colleges and training institutes. The leaders underscored the value of student exchanges as a way to create and strengthen people-to-people linkages that will endure into the future. This support is part of Canada’s ongoing deepening engagement in the Americas.
11. President Humala raised his serious concerns regarding the illicit traffic in Peru's cultural property. Both leaders condemned such practices and pledged to work together to address effectively criminal activity of this sort.
12. The leaders shared their common vision of the role they assign to the Organization of American States and the importance of strengthening the Inter-American Democratic Charter. The leaders committed to strengthening the Organization of American States, the Summit process and Inter-American human rights system to enhance their capacity.
13. Both leaders recalled the visit to Peru by Their Excellencies the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, and Mrs. Sharon Johnston in December, 2012, as well as the series of high-level visits in both countries over the last year. The Prime Minister of Canada thanked the President of Peru for the warm hospitality extended to him and the accompanying delegation. The Prime Minister conveyed his hope that Governor General Johnston and he can welcome President Humala for a state visit to Canada during the second half of this year. The invitation was duly accepted with gratitude.